In a resounding electoral college victory and a close but decisive majority vote, President Obama has been re-elected as President of the United States.
In the weeks leading up to the election all the pundits said that it was going to be a nail biter; an extremely close election that could go either way. In reality it was neither close nor dramatic as the President swept the battleground states on his way to election night victory.
Although the Presidential election is a national race, most people understand that there are several states that are already "decided" long before election day. All the states along the west coast (ex. Washington, California, etc.) and east coast (New York, New Jersey, etc.) are firmly Democratic, while the South and Midwest are firmly Republican. This leaves a handful of "battleground states" that actually decide the election:
The Battleground States: Pennsylvania, Virginia, Colorado, Florida, Ohio, Wisconsin, Michigan, Nevada, North Carolina, Iowa, and New Hampshire.
It was these 11 battleground states that decided the election and Obama made it a clean sweep of these states. The only battleground state that has not been put in the Obama win column is Florida where the remaining votes still need to be counted. Even there Obama is leading and will most likely be projected the winner.
How Obama Won the Election
Many of the pundits have characterized Obama's victory being led by "a change in demographics of the electorate". What they are referring to is the overwhelming majority vote that Obama enjoyed among Latino and African American voters. It is true that Obama won over 70 percent and over 80 percent of the Latino and Black vote respectively, but the reality is that Obama's victory was based on a broad coalition of minority voters in conjunction with a substantial white vote and women vote that represents the true diversity of America.
The American voting public is 72% white so it is clear that no one can win the presidency without a large following of white voters of all backgrounds; from the elderly to the working class. This broad based support led Obama to victories in almost every urban area of the battleground states (and the country) where the majority of the US population resides. The final results show that not only did Obama win the electoral college vote, but he won the popular vote as well by a margin of 59.6 million to Romney's 57.2 million.
Other Races - Senate and House
In addition to Obama's presidential victory there was much for Democrats to cheer about down ballot as Democrats won several close Senate races to retain control of the Senate 52 - 45 (2 independent). There were several races where the extreme rhetoric of the Republican candidate seemed to spell doom for their candidate as Republican Tea Party Senate candidates Joe Walsh, Todd Aikin, and Richard Murdock all lost their races to more moderate and progressive opposition. Although the Democrats did not win enough races to retake control of the House of Representatives they did pick up several seats and are positioned well for the next election.
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